Report: Stakeholder perspectives on cocoa’s living income and sustainability trade-offs in Ghana

Marshall Alhassan Adams1,2,3,Sophia Carodenuto2,Siapha Kamara4, Emmanuel Ayifah4,Sandra Saakwah4 

  1. University of Victoria, Center for Global Studies, Victoria, Canada
  2. University of Victoria, Department of Geography, Victoria, Canada
  3. Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) Forest Research Institute of Ghana, Ghana

Key Messages

The governments of Ghana and Cote Ivoire introduced Living Income Differential (LID) in 2019 without a clear policy document, resulting in different and potentially conflicting views on how long-term poverty reduction should be achieved.

The impact of LID on sustainability objectives such as agroforestry-based cocoa production remains unclear; and the interaction between LID and sustainability is one of the most contested issues.

There is broad consensus across a range of stakeholder groups that the producer price of cocoa is too low and unstable, but the long-term viability of the LID approach remains unclear.

The civil society cocoa platform calls for coordinated implementation efforts focused on well-designed LID mechanism and targeted policy advocacy actions to transition smallholder farmers to cocoa agroforestry.

Cocoa FarmersCocoa ProductionLiving Income DifferentialSEND GhanaSustainabilityUniversity of Victoria
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